Home care is provided either by a skilled caregiver within the person’s home, or outside the home, as opposed to direct care offered in nursing homes or group facilities such as clinics. The services include but are not limited to: personal care; medical care; emotional support and guidance; physical support such as companionship and transportation. A skilled and licensed caregiver providing home care services must be licensed through the Department of Health. There are many different types of home care services and some are more commonly referred to than others.
Adult day care Home care is provided primarily for adults, typically in their later years, though children may occasionally need this service as well. The majority of home care services offer supervision and/or therapy if needed, or the provision of meals on a self-service basis. Most adult day care providers are licensed, insured and bonded. In addition, most offer an immediate response to emergency situations that may occur during the day.
In home caregiver program A home care provider offers assistance in helping a person to remain in his or her own home, while following a physician’s health care plan. For example, the caregiver may assist in preparing the meals, shopping for groceries, shopping for medication, and driving the client to appointments. The caregiver is generally not paid for these services. Rather, the agency or caregiver pays the designated caregiver a portion of the fees paid by the client.
In home health aide As the name suggests, a home health aide provides direct, hands-on assistance with activities of daily living. Depending on the needs of the client, this may involve assisting with toileting, meal preparation, light housekeeping, and transportation. Many caregivers have a specialized background in either patient care or long-term care. However, there are many who started out as aides in nursing homes or hospitals, and later opted for a career in a variety of other settings, including physicians’ offices, assisted living facilities and other such facilities. Most also hold licenses at both state and federal levels.
Both the services provided by the social worker as well as the long-term care agency’s caregiver help the client in managing daily living activities. However, there are differences between the two. Social workers are usually hired as part-time employees. They may be on a permanent contract for specific periods of time or be on a contractual hire and firing basis. In contrast, long-term care agency employees are usually hired on a month-to-month basis, and the employee is often on a contractual hire and termination basis.
Home health care services may include professional, medical assistance in the home as well. This may involve a variety of tasks, from assisting with personal hygiene to basic nutrition and weight management. Some home health service providers may also provide medications on a monthly or bimonthly basis, depending on the needs of their clients. These providers may also provide medications such as oxygen, bedding and clothing, among other things. Some may even provide life support systems such as ventilators in cases of severe cardiac conditions.